Glossary

AJAX progress indicator
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  • Clinical effectiveness
    As a component of a dossier submitted for HTA assessment, clinical effectiveness is a measure of how well a particular treatment works in the practice of medicine. It depends on the application of the best knowledge derived from research, clinical experience, and patient preferences.
  • Clinical efficacy
    In medicine, clinical efficacy indicates a positive therapeutic effect. If efficacy is established, an intervention is likely to be at least as good as other available interventions to which it will have been compared. When talking in terms of efficacy versus effectiveness, efficacy measures(...)
  • Clinical pharmacology
    In relation to clinical development, pharmacology deals with the effects of compounds (medicines in development) in healthy volunteers and in patients. It usually includes pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. In the evaluation process the action and adverse effects of compounds can be(...)
  • Clinical phase
    The clinical phase of medicines development is the one involving humans, and is different from the ‘non-clinical’ or ‘pre-clinical phase’ in which studies are performed in labs or in animals (such as for pharmacology/toxicology analysis). Clinical studies are conducted in four steps, called(...)
  • Clinical Practice
    Clinical practice is the treatment and management of patients by healthcare professionals supported by clinical-based evidence. There are clinical practice guidelines that have been designed to assist health professionals and patients in decisions about appropriate health care for specific(...)
  • Clinical Practice Research Datalink
    Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) https://www.cprd.com"
  • Clinical Research Associate
    Clinical Research Associate
  • Clinical study
    A clinical study is a scientific investigation in which participants receive a health-related intervention, such as a medicine, in order to learn about (discover or verify) how it works and interacts with the body (clinical, pharmacological, pharmacodynamic, and pharmacokinetic effects), or to(...)
  • Clinical study report
    A clinical study report is a document containing extensive detail about the plan, methods and conduct of the study so that it is clear how the study was carried out. This report should provide a clear explanation of how the design features of the study were chosen and include results of the(...)
  • Clinical trial
    A clinical trial is a clinical study in which participants are assigned according to a pre-defined therapeutic strategy or plan (protocol) to receive a health-related intervention, such as a medicine, in order to investigate its effects on health outcomes, usually compared to another (or(...)
  • CPRD
    Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) https://www.cprd.com"
  • CRA
    Clinical Research Associate
  • CSR
    A clinical study report is a document containing extensive detail about the plan, methods and conduct of the study so that it is clear how the study was carried out. This report should provide a clear explanation of how the design features of the study were chosen and include results of the(...)

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