Glossary

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  • AB
    An antibody (AB), also known as an immunoglobin, is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances (called antigens). Antigens can be molecules from microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses), or chemicals (insect venom). Antibodies recognise(...)
  • Antibody
    An antibody (AB), also known as an immunoglobin, is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances (called antigens). Antigens can be molecules from microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses), or chemicals (insect venom). Antibodies recognise(...)
  • Antigen
    The part of a pathogen that stimulates a response from the immune system.
  • Area Under the Curve
    In the field of pharmacokinetics, the Area Under the Curve (AUC) has a specific meaning. It is the region under a plotted line in a graph of medicine concentration in blood plasma over time. Typically, the area is calculated starting from the time the medicine is administered until the time(...)
  • Arm
    In clinical research this refers to any of the treatment groups in a randomised trial. Many randomised trials have two ‘arms’ or groups, but some may have three or even more.
  • AUC
    In the field of pharmacokinetics, the Area Under the Curve (AUC) has a specific meaning. It is the region under a plotted line in a graph of medicine concentration in blood plasma over time. Typically, the area is calculated starting from the time the medicine is administered until the time(...)
  • Autologous
    Autologous tissue or cells are tissue or cells derived from the same individual. For example, skin transferred from one part of the body to another is autologous tissue; in advanced therapies, stem cells are removed, stored, and later given back to the same person. Autologous transplants are(...)
  • Bacteriology
    A subdivision of microbiology that involves the identification, classification, and characterisation of bacteria.
  • Baseline Assessments
    Baseline assessments are carried out with participants as they enter a trial and before they receive any treatment.These assessments may take the form of interviews, questionnaires, physical examinations, laboratory tests, or other procedures. Baseline assessments include demographics (such as(...)
  • Baseline Data
    Baseline data provide information about participants as they enter a trial and before they receive any treatment.Baseline data collection may take the form of interviews, questionnaires, physical examinations, laboratory tests, or other procedures. Baseline data include demographics (such as(...)
  • Beneficence
    Beneficence is a concept in research ethics that states that researchers should have the welfare of the research participant as a goal in any clinical trial or other research study. In public health, beneficence implies acting in the best interest of the population or society as a(...)
  • Benefit
    Benefit is a positive outcome (such as the relief of symptoms, cure, or prevention) from using a treatment or taking part in a study. The benefits of taking part in research may include helping others by participating in medical research, close monitoring by health professionals and experts,(...)

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