Glossary

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  • AB
    An antibody (AB), also known as an immunoglobin, is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances (called antigens). Antigens can be molecules from microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses), or chemicals (insect venom). Antibodies recognise(...)
  • Antibody
    An antibody (AB), also known as an immunoglobin, is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances (called antigens). Antigens can be molecules from microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses), or chemicals (insect venom). Antibodies recognise(...)
  • Antigen
    The part of a pathogen that stimulates a response from the immune system.
  • Area Under the Curve
    In the field of pharmacokinetics, the Area Under the Curve (AUC) has a specific meaning. It is the region under a plotted line in a graph of medicine concentration in blood plasma over time. Typically, the area is calculated starting from the time the medicine is administered until the time(...)
  • Arm
    In der klinischen Forschung bezieht sich dies auf eine der Behandlungsgruppen in einer randomisierten Studie. Viele randomisierte Studien haben zwei „Arme“ oder Gruppen, einige haben jedoch drei oder sogar noch mehr.
  • Attrition
    Attrition is the loss of participants during a clinical trial; it is also known as the 'drop-out rate'. The opposite of attrition is 'retention'.Attrition can cause bias in study results if more participants drop out of one study arm than another, or if there is a difference between the(...)
  • AUC
    In the field of pharmacokinetics, the Area Under the Curve (AUC) has a specific meaning. It is the region under a plotted line in a graph of medicine concentration in blood plasma over time. Typically, the area is calculated starting from the time the medicine is administered until the time(...)
  • Audit
    Audits (unabhängige Bewertungen von Aktivitäten, Prozessen und Produktqualität) sind ein Element des Qualitätsmanagements in der Industrie, im Finanzsektor, im Handel und im öffentlichen Dienst. Sie werden in der Regel von einem unabhängigen Prüfdienstleister durchgeführt, können aber auch als(...)
  • Autologous
    Autologous tissue or cells are tissue or cells derived from the same individual. For example, skin transferred from one part of the body to another is autologous tissue; in advanced therapies, stem cells are removed, stored, and later given back to the same person. Autologous transplants are(...)

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