Glossary

AJAX progress indicator
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  • Autoridade Nacional do Medicamento e Produtos de Saúde
    Portuguese National Competent Authority. http://www.infarmed.pt"
  • Bacteriology
    A subdivision of microbiology that involves the identification, classification, and characterisation of bacteria.
  • Baseline Assessments
    Baseline assessments are carried out with participants as they enter a trial and before they receive any treatment.These assessments may take the form of interviews, questionnaires, physical examinations, laboratory tests, or other procedures. Baseline assessments include demographics (such as(...)
  • Baseline Data
    Baseline data provide information about participants as they enter a trial and before they receive any treatment.Baseline data collection may take the form of interviews, questionnaires, physical examinations, laboratory tests, or other procedures. Baseline data include demographics (such as(...)
  • Beneficence
    Beneficence is a concept in research ethics that states that researchers should have the welfare of the research participant as a goal in any clinical trial or other research study. In public health, beneficence implies acting in the best interest of the population or society as a(...)
  • Benefit
    Benefit is a positive outcome (such as the relief of symptoms, cure, or prevention) from using a treatment or taking part in a study. The benefits of taking part in research may include helping others by participating in medical research, close monitoring by health professionals and experts,(...)
  • Benefit-risk assessment
    In medicines R&D, benefit-risk assessment is the continuous examination of the favourable and unfavourable results of a specific treatment to determine whether its benefits outweigh its risks in a -specific condition. It takes into account the evidence on safety and efficacy, as well as other(...)
  • Best supportive care
    Best supportive care (BSC) is the treatment of choice when a cure is not achievable with existing treatments. It involves the management of disease-related symptoms.
  • Bias
    In clinical trails, bias is the systematic deviation from true values of treatment effect through the intentional or unintentional adjustment of results. Bias can result from aspects of trial design, the way a trial is carried, or the way the results are analysed or evaluated.Bias can be(...)
  • Big data
    Big data in the health sector is the combination and analysis of very large and diverse sets of data, such as non-health and health data, ongoing generation of information about the real-world use of medicines, patient-generated data from social media, and wearable devices.
  • BSC
    Best supportive care (BSC) is the treatment of choice when a cure is not achievable with existing treatments. It involves the management of disease-related symptoms.
  • INFARMED
    Portuguese National Competent Authority. http://www.infarmed.pt"

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