Glossary

AJAX progress indicator
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  • CA
    Competent Authority
  • CAB
    Community Advisory Board
  • cDNA
    Complementary DNA
  • CI
    A confidence interval is an estimated range of values in which all data (results) are likely to lie. For a given treatment effect measured in a trial on a sample of a population, the confidence interval can be calculated to give a 'best estimate' range of the treatment effect that will be seen(...)
  • Common Technical Document
    The Common Technical Document (CTD) is an internationally agreed format for the preparation of marketing applications to regulatory authorities for new medicines approval. The CTD is divided into five modules, where modules 2 to 5 constitute the actual CTD; and module 1 differs according to(...)
  • Community Advisory Board
    Community Advisory Board
  • Compassionate Use
    Method of providing an unlicensed medicine prior to final approval by a regulatory (competent) authority for use in humans. This procedure is used with very sick individuals who have no other treatment options. Often, case-by-case approval must be obtained for compassionate use of a medicine(...)
  • Competent Authority
    Competent Authority
  • Complementary DNA
    Complementary DNA
  • Compound
    Two or more elements or molecules which are chemically bound to each other. The term ‘compound’ is often used to refer to a medicine which is being developed.
  • Computer Tomography
    Computer Tomography
  • Concomitant
    Something that exists or occurs at the same time as something else. It can be a natural event, but in medicine is used when referring to: Concomitant medication: two or more medicines are given at the same time when treating diseases, or Concomitant disease: a second disease (or more) is(...)
  • Confidence Interval
    A confidence interval is an estimated range of values in which all data (results) are likely to lie. For a given treatment effect measured in a trial on a sample of a population, the confidence interval can be calculated to give a 'best estimate' range of the treatment effect that will be seen(...)
  • Confirmatory studies
    These are studies conducted in Phase III of the clinical development of a medicine. They aim to confirm the efficacy and safety in a large patient population. They can involve thousands of patients, can be run in many countries, require a huge amount of expertise to be run effectively, and are(...)
  • CT
    Computer Tomography
  • CTD
    The Common Technical Document (CTD) is an internationally agreed format for the preparation of marketing applications to regulatory authorities for new medicines approval. The CTD is divided into five modules, where modules 2 to 5 constitute the actual CTD; and module 1 differs according to(...)

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